International Taekwondo Federation, ITF The goal of ITF is to distribute taekwondo throughout the world and make it the most popular form of martial art.
On March 22, 1966, Taekwondo founder General Choi Hong Hee convened a constituent conference to establish a public association that would develop the taekwondo movement in the world. At this conference, a unanimous decision was made to name the legal entity of the new organization, the International Taekwon-Do Federation (abbreviated as “International Taekwon-Do Federation”, abbreviated as ITF). Therefore, when it comes to ITF, this means that the organization represents exactly the martial art and sport that its founder himself created. At the same conference, General Choi Hong Hee was elected President of the ITF International Taekwondo Federation and was re-elected every four years for the next term, remaining the President of ITF until his death on June 15, 2002.
After the death of the founder of the federation, it split, and now there are three federations claiming to be the heirs of the original ITF. One of them – the International Taekwondo Federation, headquartered in Vienna – is now headed by Professor Lee Youngson. It unites more than 120 national federations that are members of 5 continental federations: Europe, Asia, Africa, America and Oceania.
According to the ITF, the Taekwondo Federation of Russia has been a member of the ITF since 1992.
National Taekwondo Association ITF of Uzbekistan is a member of ITF since 1990.
Thylus forms an important aspect of taekwondo learning. They are equivalent to katam in karate. Most thylas, except Yul-Gok, Ul-Ji and Tong-Il, begin with a defensive movement that emphasizes the defensive nature of taekwondo. All thylas begin and end in one place. This ensures that the taekwondo does the correct stance in length and width.
The official program of the international taekwondo federation includes 24 thyla – this symbolizes 24 hours in a day. One additional thyl (Ko-Dan) was replaced on Joce by General Choi Hong Hee in 1986. More often than not, the names of the thylae come from the names of the historical figures of Korea. Thylike elements can also be historical references, such as the number of steps, diagrams, the way the thylah ends and so on.
Thyla are performed in accordance with the Taekwondo Encyclopedia, written by General Choi Hong Hee. This work contains 15 volumes, and volumes 8-15 describe the tõhli, their movements, racks, and also pictures of some movements are shown. There is also the book, The Korean Art of Self-Defense, better known as the Compressed Encyclopedia. This is the only concise encyclopedia consisting of 770 pages that describe 24 thyla.
There are also two fundamental sequences of strokes: saju-chchirigi (four-sided strike) and saju-makki (four-way block) .
24 thyl in Taekwondo ITF :
Cheongji (19 movements) 9th qyp
Tangun (21 movement) 8th qyp
Tosan (24 movements) 7th qyp
Wonhyo (28 movements) 6th Kyp
Yulgok (38 movements) 5th qyp
Chungun (32 movements) 4th qyp
Twege (37 movements) 3rd qyp
Hvaran (29 movements) 2nd Kip
Chunmu (30 movements) 1st Kyp
Kwange (39 movements) 1st dan
Phoyn (36 movements) 1st dan
Kebak (44 movements) 1st dan
Yyyam (45 movements) 2nd dan
Chunjan (52 movements) 2nd dan
Juche (45 movements) 2nd dan
Samil (33 movements) 3rd dan
Yusin (68 movements) 3rd dan
Chveyeung (46 movements) 3rd dan
Yongge (49 movements) 4th dan
Ulji (42 movements) 4th dan
Munmu (61 movement) 4th dan
Sosan (72 movements) 5th dan
Sejon (24 movements) 5th dan
Thonil (56 movements) 6th dan
One remote thyl in Taekwondo ITF:
Khodan (39 movements)
ITF rules are similar to WTF rules, but there are some differences.
Kicks and kicks to the head are allowed.
1 point – a hand attack aimed at the middle or upper level,
2 points – attack with the foot, aimed at the middle level.
3 points – attack with the foot aimed at the upper level.
The dimensions of the tojana [ko] (dojo) are 9×9 meters.
Competitors must wear ITF accredited equipment. The winner is the one who scored the most points after the rounds.
Violation of the rules in sparring is called chui kor. 주의.
If the athlete receives 3 chews, 1 point is deducted from him.
Chews can be obtained for:
attack in a forbidden area
drop (touching the tojan third point)
going beyond tojan
ITF competitions also include thyl, power-breaking boards and special equipment (breaking high-level boards).
Sparring rounds at ITF competitions are 2 minutes, and at national and international competition levels two rounds are counted every 2 minutes with one short rest. The rules do not allow you to hit below the waist, strike with your elbows and knees, fall, go beyond the tojan. the tojan is square and measures 9 x 9 meters (sometimes 8 x 8 meters). tojan does not prevent it from going beyond it. Every time a taekwondo player